/Types of Bricks: Which One Should You Choose?
types of bricks
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Types of Bricks: Which One Should You Choose?

The first thing that comes to our mind when we hear the word Brick rectangular-shape thing of reddish rust color. The material uses for construction. Brick is the smallest construction material made up of Silica, Clay, Lime, Iron Oxide, and Magnesia. Bricks are small rectangular blocks, usually their walls, that can use to shape sections of buildings. Bricks are usually around 4 inches high, 8 inches long, with varying thicknesses. Bigger stone or earth-based structure units of the sort utilized in the establishments are typically called blocks. So check out the types of bricks here

We all know different types of bricks are commonly used in construction depending on the raw material used in it, such as concrete, lime, fly ash, and many more. But did you know how the first brick was made? The first bricks produce in areas with warm climates, these were mud bricks that dry for hardening in the sun, and then the biggest breakthrough came with the discovery of fired bricks that is still relevant today.

Now-a- days bricks are not only used for construction but also as a part of interiors for houses and offices. Bricks differentiate depending on their usage. Let us know more about different types of bricks as given below–

Burnt Clay Bricks 

Burnt clay bricks are the oldest bricks in buildings and are commonly used. This being superior in quality they are used in constructing important structures like walls, foundations types, columns, etc. It makes by squeezing the wet clay into molds, then drying them in kilns and firing them. It classifies into four different groups, these being:

  1. First-class bricks – premium bricks deliver the highest quality and strength. Such bricks have regular form, smooth textures, and sharp edges, and are more sturdy and stronger than ever.
  2. Second-class brick -Those bricks are of medium quality. These bricks are irregular in shape, and the surface is not soft but rough. This brick class uses in those cases where the brickwork coat with a plaster coat.
  3. Third-Class Bricks – As the name suggests, these bricks are of poor quality and are normally used for temporarily constructed structures. Not recommended for a rainy climate. Each type of brick is rough on the surface and some have unequal edges.
  4. Fourth-Class Bricks – These are over-burnt, shaped irregularly, and color black. It uses in foundations, paths, floors, and as an aggregate for concrete.

Burnt Clay

source: lessonsinlight.org

Unburnt Bricks  

Often known as sun-dried bricks. This type of brick did not burn in kilns but was dry from hardening in the sun. It is an example of brick making from an ancient period. The sun-dried bricks are less durable, have less resistance to water, and have less resistance to fire. They are often found in rural areas or temporary constructions. The method of making these bricks involves three basic steps, i.e. preparation of clay, molding, and finally sun drying.

Unburnt

source: blogspot.com

Fly Ash Bricks 

Fly ash bricks are made up of clay and fly ash. A by-product of burning coal call Fly ash. Fly ash bricks fire at around 1,000 degrees centigrade. This defined as ‘self-cementing due to the high concentration of calcium oxide in fly ash. It for the most part extends when dampness comes into contact. It is less porous than bricks made out of clay. Fly ash brick provides a smooth surface and does not require plaster. 

Fly Ash

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Fire Bricks 

It calls obstinate blocks. Fire brick produces using extraordinarily detailed earth with a high substance of aluminum oxide. It can withstand extremely high temperatures after consumption, without influencing its structure, size, and quality. It is used for the lining of the chimney, brick fireplace, pizza ovens, outdoor brick barbecues, and furnaces where the usual temperature is expected to be very high.

Fire

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Concrete Bricks 

Concrete bricks construct from solid concrete, along with materials such as cement, sand, coarse aggregates, and water. It is the bricks that the least use. It has low strength of compression and is of low quality. Such bricks use above and under the proof course of humidity. Concrete bricks are typically uses in facades, fences and have an excellent presentation of aesthetics. You can customize the sizes of these bricks according to the size requirements. They can also produce in different colors if the pigment adds during processing.

Concrete

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Sand Lime Bricks 

It produces by mixing sand, fly ash, and limestone. It forms under pressure by molding the mix. This can accomplish a smoother finish and shape which is more uniform than mud blocks. Be that as it may, those blocks did not terminate in ovens similar to consumed earth blocks. If the pigment applies during processing, it can also make in various colors. This type of brick uses for numerous purposes in construction industries such as masonry works, building ornamentation works, etc.

types of bricks

source: eirich.com

Engineering Bricks 

Because they manufacture at very high temperatures, engineering bricks are both dense and solid. They have the excellent load-bearing ability, properties that are damp, and chemical-resistant. These have high compressive strength and use in special applications where strength, resistance to acids, low porosity, resistance to frost are important. For civil engineering projects, building bricks perform best. Engineering bricks use most commonly for basements, sewers, manholes, etc.

types of bricks

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Porotherm Smart Bricks 

Porotherm smart bricks also call Eco Bricks and brilliant materials used in making walls that challenge the advantages of regular mud. The way that they manufacture from regular substances and that they are hollow from inside makes them considerably more productive than the conventional strong blocks and squares. Porotherm bricks use in thousands of industrial and residential schemes. Also, know how to build a wall on your own.

types of bricks

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Extruded Brick 

Extruded Brick is made by driving mud and water, with an exceptionally customary shape and size, into a steel pass on. It is then cut to columns with wires before firing into shorter units and utilizing in little spending developments. It has three or four openings making up the brick’s thickness of up to 25 percent.

types of bricks

source: pinterest.com

Molded Bricks

Molded Brick forms by hand in molds, rather than being in the machine. Instantly molded bricks are available between 50-65 mm. Other shapes and sizes are available within 6-8 weeks of ordering.

types of bricks

source: ogind.com

Facing Bricks 

Any building’s exterior material knew as the facing brick. Brick faces are standard in size, are more grounded than different blocks, and have better solidness too. The color is shades of red or brown to give the building a more aesthetic look. There are several styles of facing bricks that use common techniques and different techniques. Brick faces are standard in size, are more grounded than different blocks, and have better solidness too.

types of bricks

source: terracottaworld.co.uk

Backing Bricks

There are no special features to these types of bricks. They use just for providing support behind the facing bricks.

Concluding

There are various types of bricks made and used differently. Some are based on the manufacturing method, some are based on raw materials, some are based on the building process, some are based on its making process, some are based on weather resisting capability and also shapes.

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