Don’t get scared with drywall damage! Although a well-placed piece of art may be the quickest way to disguise a hole in a drywall. But, if you want to fix drywall properly with professional-like expertise, follow our guide on how to repair drywall. It is one of the satisfying home improvement tasks and is quick to do. Whether you are a home tenant or a bona fide owner, knowing how to repair drywall is an essential skill that you must own to have a perfect home décor.
The approach you need to take to repair a hole in drywall will be different if you have a small hole versus a large hole. Though sometimes the process may be time-consuming generally it is an easy and inexpensive task. Before diving into how to repair drywall, you must have a quick sneak peek into do’s and don’ts while repairing drywall.
Here is the list of things that you should do which I suggest in my how to repair drywall tutorial guide:
- Use right stuffing: When you have to repair minor scratches or holes that are less than ½ inch across, fill them up using the drywall mud. You can apply the mud using a 3 to a 4-inch putty knife that has been specifically made for drywall work. Using a utility knife you had been using for wood putty will not work optimally for this task.
- For cracks and holes that are larger than ½ inches require reinforcing mesh before spackling. If the drywall joint compound is applied directly to large gouges, the dent will reappear.
- Remember neatness counts: Use a box cutter to cut random strands of mesh tape around the holes and crack before applying the drywall compound joint. By cutting random strands there will be no bumps and other blemishes in a fixed drywall piece.
- Keep it light: you should apply less drywall joint to the patched area. A thin layer is easier to coat as well. For a joint compound to appear flush with the wall, feather the mud as much as you apply it. You should also hold the knife at a 70-degree angle and press harder on the outer edges of the mud as you move away from the center.
- Use protection: The fine particles of the drywall joint can injure the lungs if inhaled. Hence it is important to always use a mask while sanding the drywall compound. You can also use disposable gloves. It will protect your hands from getting dehydrated from gypsum compounds.
Here is the list of things that you should avoid which I suggest in my how to repair drywall tutorial guide:
- Don’t waste time: The market is full of pre-made products designed to simplify drywall repair tasks. Patch kits with panels at the center and self-adhesive tapes will work perfectly for small holes. A drywall compound with a primer combo leaves the surface all set for the paint.
- Don’t cut electrical wires and plumbing lines: Right before cutting the wall for repair ensure that all electrical cords and plumbing lines are not passing through a cabinet behind it. If the hole is just a few inches wide, you can shine it via flashlight to ensure no cords are running behind. It is safe to assume that wires will be present near an electrical outlet.
- Don’t skim on sanding: If you choose to cut corners on sanding, the repair site is going to be visible. It is better to take to sand properly rather than making visible bubbles. Use fine-grit sandpaper about 100 – 120.
How to Repair a Hole in Drywall:
For knowing how to repair a hole in drywall, I have categorized holes into categories.
For holes that are less than 6 inches, a variety of drywall patch kits are available in the market today. These kits have a reinforced central panel. The kit also provides a self-sticking tape. In my guide on how to repair drywall, I am going to suggest you use such a drywall patch kit to fix your drywall holes that are less than 6 inches. It is easy and very less time-consuming.
- The first step of my guide on how to repair a hole in drywall is to take out the patch from the market-purchased kit. You should then fix the patch to the wall. Put a tape over it in a cross manner. You must ensure that overlapping is avoided.
- Cover it with a drywall compound joint and allow it to dry.
- Now you must brush off the extra compound using sandpaper.
- You must now apply a second coat of drywall compound joint and again allow it to dry.
- Redo the sandpaper and until a smooth finished look is obtained.
- The final step of my guide on how to repair a hole in drywall is to apply paint to the patched area.
However, for holes that are larger than 6 inches, you can create patches at home. For holes that don’t extend to studs on either side, you need to reinforce the hole. All you need to follow are some simple basic steps to get all your work done.
- Measure the size of the hole and then cut a piece of drywall scrap that is slightly bigger than the diameter of the hole. Place a drywall area over the damaged area. Trace it around with the help of a pencil.
- Use a reciprocating saw to cut out the area with the traced line. Cut two pieces of drywall of 2×4 slightly larger than the hole and position them vertically inside the hole. Put them on each side of the hole. You must now secure these 2×4 with the help of drywall screws. Fix it with the help of screws.
- Trim the edges of the patch. Put a tape over the patched area. You must extend the tape a few inches beyond the patch. Remember to not overlap the tape.
- Cover the entire area with a drywall compound joint. Leave it for some time until it dries.
- Brush off the extra element using drywall sandpaper. Ensure that there are no lumps present in the compound joint.
- You must now apply a second coat of compound joint and then allow it to dry.
- Sand off the extra compound joint again until a smooth look appears.
- Apply paint on the patched area of the same color as that of the rest of the drywall.
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If the size of the hole is small then apply the paint to the hole only. However, if the hole in the drywall is larger then you should apply paint to the entire surface of the drywall. Painting a big hole would differentiate it from the rest of the drywall and hence repair would be visible.
Fixing Drywall Without a Patch
To save our energy and time, we need some shortcuts to repair a hole in the wall. There must be something to spackle or mud over a hole that will adhere itself inside the hole. Like if we have a tightly wadded-up paper towel or a small scrap of wood to use as a backer-board to plug in the hole that the joint compound will hold securely in place, we can repair a hole and no one will notice a difference.
There is another option to repair small holes or medium-sized holes easily with the help of a butterfly patch or also known as California Patch. It is a small-sized, square-shaped piece of drywall, modified so the paper itself will hold the drywall plug in place. It is easy and convenient but the hole must be less than 8” in diameter and should be good with a utility knife.
Also Read: How to Cut Drywall? A Complete Guide To Know
Procedure to Use Butterfly-Patch
- Shape a hole into a square or a rectangular shape with the help of a utility knife.
- Now cut a scrap of drywall just like the hole but should be 3” larger from all sides. Turn the scrap over the hole and mark the size of the hole to be patched. Cut around the tracing on the scrap. Then peel away the gypsum from the paper and leave only the small patch of drywall in the middle and 2” of the paper around it.
- To accommodate the patch, apply a joint compound to the hole and area around it. Now fit the butterfly patch into the hole and smooth the plug and paper over the mud with a knife.
- Add another layer of mud over the patch and beyond the edges of the patch to blend in with the wall and let it dry for 24 hours.
- Now sand it and apply another layer of mud and let dry it for another night. Then sand it and then prime or paint it. After this holed wall is fixed and no one can tell there was a hole before.
Cut out the damaged area with the help of a saw.
Did you get a gouge in drywall; fix it right by following my guide on how to repair drywall easily. Over time drywall can sustain ugly cracks, small and big holes. Fortunately, it’s easy to fix drywall. All your work is done just by following the tips that I have mentioned in the guide.
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