These days many walls and ceilings in modern construction are made from sheets of Drywall and are popular as gypsum wallboards. Do you lack knowledge about these drywalls? Want to do extensive research on them? Here is a read for you! Let’s see how to mud drywall.
Drywall is a plaster-like substance that you seal between two sheets of heavy-duty paper. You later attach this to the walls or even the ceiling for flawless decor and beauty. You can use special drywall screws or nails to get the job done. All you need to do is to learn basic techniques for mudding a room with drywalls. The process is simple. You can do it in a small number of steps. However, it does require some specific tools to be used.
From knowing how to mud and tape drywall corners to how to mud drywall ceiling all over the surface, the article discusses it all. You can now achieve flawlessly flat surfaces on your construction project with small efforts. Find out what materials primer you need in my step-by-step guide on how to mud Drywall.
Read through simple step-by-step instructions to know how to tape and mud drywall:
Tools To Keep Handy
Curious to find how to tape drywall corners? Get your tools first! Here is a list of the things that you must keep handy while getting started on the task.
- Cloth or plastic sheet to cover the floor. The plastic sheet protects the floor from the mess.
- Drywall mud for mudding the Drywall.
- Safety goggles. It will protect your eyes.
- 6-inch and 10-inch drywall taping knife to detailing.
- Paper tape for tapping.
- Sander to sand off extra mud.
How to Tape and Mud Drywall
Do you want to create a wall without any visible boundaries? Learn how to tape and float Drywall. Here is a step-by-step guide that will teach you how to tape drywall corners first and then follow it up with guidance on how to mud drywall corners for seamless connections.
Prepping the Drywall
Before getting started on how to tape and mud drywall ceiling or walls, you must attach the Drywall to the wall studs firmly. You must fasten drywalls to all wall studs that it covers that are approximately six to eight inches (15.2-20.3 cm) along the length of each stud. Support it at each edge that is every 8- 12 inches (20.3- 30.5 cm) in the center of the panel in a wall with a frame of 24 inches (61.0 cm) in the center. It will make you use five screws from top to bottom. However, in a more usual wall with studs on 16 inches (40.6 cm) centers, you have to use a row of screws on each edge plus two rows that are spaced, usually 16 inches (40.6 cm) in from each edge.
Some key tips on how to mud drywall ceiling or walls:
- Use drywall screw guns. It will make your task easier.
- Countersunk the drywall screws correctly.
- Don’t tear the paper coating of the Drywall while screwing.
- Run the knife over the screws in the Drywall to make sure that none of them are sticking out.
You must also Minimize “butt” joints. For this, you need to taper the long edges of the Drywall while the short edges are not tapered. Keep the minimum distance between drywall boards at tapered edges and make sure that no boards are more than 1⁄8 to 3⁄16 inches (0.3 to 0.5 cm) apart. Also, meet the corners in the same way. You can fill any gap later with a setting-type joint compound. However, know that tighter joints make for a better seal and help you achieve seamless connections easily.
How to Apply Drywall Mud- Applying the First Coat
For inside corners, you must first start by keeping one edge of your blade running tightly against one side of the Drywall while lightly against the tape on the other side. However, for butt joints, you can use the Drywall as a guide for both edges, thereby leaving a convex curve. Follow the same on taper joints, only leaving a concave curve.
With the aim toward a smooth and flat surface, apply the first coat of mud to the Drywall. Mix a small amount of water with the total amount of mud for the first coat, as you should keep your first coat to be slightly wetter than subsequent coats.
Choose a liberal amount of mud for coating as later you would need to sand off the extra mud. Press in the tape until it completely covers the seam. Make sure that it is flat and also check that there are no air bubbles.
Cover the entire six inches (15.2 cm) of Drywall for smooth finishes. Also, if you are using wide blades for coating, keep it at a 45° angle to the wall. However, Draw the mud and blade down the wall by sharpening the angle of the knife until the knife and the wall are nearly parallel. When you fill all the boundaries, smooth out the compound.
How to Tape Drywall Outside Corners
You were wondering how to tape drywall corners and outside corners? Here is your read! Start by cutting the paper tape a bit more than the length of the seam and press it into the freshly mudded joint with your hands. Now, seat the tape with your trowel and pull the knife along the seam in one stroke. It smoothes the tape as you go. You must now follow it by tapping inside the corners. Follow it by pressing the paper into the corner and seal it with a knife.
Here is a quick sneak peek at how to mud Drywall with mesh tape:
- Start halfway down the joint and smoothen it on both sides. You can create it with your knife.
- You must cover one side of the corner tape with the help of a thin layer of mud. Don’t put too much pressure in the corner with your knife.
Follow it by covering the outside corners. The corner bead will protect from bangs and bumps and hence increase the durability of the outside corner drywall. Here are simple steps:
- Nail a metal corner bead to the outside corners. You must do it every 10 inches (25.4 cm).
- Apply a layer of mud down one side of the bead with the help of a 5-inch (12.7 cm) knife for this.
- Apply joint compound and fit paper beads on top of the compound like you did while taping on an inside corner. However, cover with compound first and then fit the bead onto the corner. Use a knife to wipe away any excess compound.
You must later follow it by filling all screw holes with mud and smooth over the surface like before, and wait for overnight.
Sand Off the First Coat
It is time that you sand off the first coat and especially the inside corners at the ceiling. However, you must remember that your safety is equally important, and hence you should be wearing a mask while sanding. To take off any small burrs left on the drywall or excess compound from the tape and screws, you must use a trowel and scrape mud away with light scraping.
Apply Next coats to Achieve Awesome Finish How to Mud Drywall
You must now apply subsequent coats of the mud to match consistency. Make sure that these coats are not as watery as the first one. Apply the compound with downstrokes and fill up the bevel of the Drywall. Also, feather the edges again if necessary. Wait overnight after the second coat. Repeat the sanding-off process before getting started with the third coat.
Paint And Textures
Know that the final step for every Drywall is to paint it. Choose texture or pattern for your Drywall. For example, you can choose from studded, stubbly, or stucco patterns. For flawless texture, you will have to prime it first. Choose the color for the drywall in accordance with the color theme of the room.
This was all about how to mud and tape drywall corners. You must also follow some key tips while drywalling.
- If you use Drywall for your home or office, the process of drywalling can be quite messy due to the indentations. You must cover these indentations with mud to achieve flawless beauty.
- The tape won’t adhere to the wall where the compound underneath is dry, and hence make sure to smooth out the divot left by the tape with fresh compound.
Starting any new DIY construction project will be extremely exciting for you, especially when it adds up to your home decor. I hope you must have mastered the skill by now! While doing the task, make sure that you protect the floor and area where the mudding and taping are applied. You can achieve a spotless finish with little patience and quality materials.
For more information on home improvement, visit HouseDecorationTip.